The Judges

COURT OF QUÉBEC JUDGES

In accordance with the Courts of Justice Act, the Court of Québec is made up of 306 judges, including the Chief Judge, the Associate Chief Judge and four Associate Chief Judges.


According to the Regulation respecting the selection procedure of candidates for the office of judge of the Court of Québec, municipal court judge and presiding justice of the peace, in order to qualify for such a position, a person must have been a member of the Barreau du Québec for at least 10 years and submit his or her application in writing, following publication of a notice of competition in a newspaper. A thorough selection process is subsequently conducted by a committee composed of five people, including the chief judge of the Court of Québec or a judge he or she designates, who acts as chair of the committee. Two other members are designated by the Barreau du Québec: an advocate and a person who works in the field of law but whose professional activities do not include representation before the courts. Two persons who are not judges or members of the Barreau du Québec or Chambre des notaires du Québec are designated by the Office des professions du Québec. After reviewing candidate applications and conducting interviews, the committee provides the names of three qualified candidates it recommends for each vacant position, in alphabetical order.

Although the published notice specifies the division where a vacancy exists, each Court of Québec judge may exercise the Court’s entire jurisdiction throughout the province, regardless of the division to which he or she is assigned.

To preserve their judicial independence, judges are appointed “during good behaviour.” In matters of training and ethics, they are subject to the Conseil de la magistrature du Québec, Québec’s judicial council.

Evolution of the proportion women/men among Court of Québec judges as of December 31

  Women % Men % Total
2012 106 40 % 162 60 % 268
2013 116 41 % 166 59 % 282
2014 122 43 % 159 57 % 281
2015 125 44 % 161 56 % 286
2016 127 45 % 154 55 % 281
2017* 141 46 % 163 54 % 304

* as of November 23

To see a list of Court of Québec judges


PER DIEM JUDGES

Since 2002 the Court has benefitted from an agreement concerning the management framework of certain resources [Entente concernant le cadre de gestion de certaines ressources] with Québec’s Ministère de la Justice. The agreement, which has been renewed annually since 2002, stipulates in part that the Office of the Chief Judge controls expenses related to judges’ remuneration, allowing for the creation of an assistant judge system.

Per diem judges are retired Court of Québec judges who perform such judicial duties for a set period of time, as determined by an order.

Such per diem judges may be assigned in order to offset delays almost inevitable until vacant positions have been filled. The need to have recourse to per diem judges is also due to certain judges’ extended absence from the bench or from a temporary increase in the workload, which cannot be handled otherwise.


PRESIDING JUSTICES OF THE PEACE

Presiding justices of the peace have been performing their responsibilities within the Court since 2005. They benefit from the guarantees of independence that are necessary in their work. The Courts of Justice Act does not stipulate the number of presiding justices of the peace. They exercise the powers and functions established under the Act, which primarily include hearing most provincial and federal penal matters of first instance and processing applications for judicial authorization from the police force and various parties within the justice system. State-of-the-art communications technology makes it possible to reach presiding justices of the peace day and night, all year long, throughout the province of Québec.

They provide a telephone appearance service on weekends and holidays throughout Québec, with the exception of the Québec City and Montréal judicial districts, which are served by Court judges.


Evolution of the proportion women/men among Court of Québec presiding justices of the peace as of December 31

  Women % Men % Total
2012 18 50 % 18 50 % 36
2013 18 51 % 17 49 % 35
2014 19 54 % 16 46 % 35
2015 19 56 % 15 44 % 34
2016 22 58 % 16 42 % 38
2017* 22 56 % 17 44 % 39

* as of November 23

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