COMMERCIAL DIVISION – GENERAL RULES
1. Commercial Proceedings

Any application based in substance upon the provisions of the following statutes is considered a commercial proceeding and must be instituted in the Commercial Division:

a)

Statutes of Canada :

  • Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act
  • Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act
  • Winding-up and Restructuring Act
  • Farm Debt Mediation Act
  • Bank Act
  • Canada Business Corporations Act
  • Commercial Arbitration Act
b)

Statutes of Québec :

  • Civil Code of Québec:
    • Article 2230 (Dissolution and liquidation of partnerships in commercial matters)

  • Code of Civil Procedure:
    • Article 946.1 (homologation of an arbitration award in commercial matters)
    • Article 949.1 (recognition and execution of arbitration awards made outside Quebec in commercial matters)

  • Winding-up Act
  • Business Corporations Act
  • Securities Act
  • An Act respecting the Autorité des Marchés Financiers
c)

As well as any other application of a commercial nature so determined, by the Commercial Division Coordinating Judge, or by any other judge designated by him, whether it be on his own initiative or at the request of a party.

2. General Provisions
2.1 Commercial Division proceedings are governed by the procedure rules of the particular statute in question and, in a suppletive manner, by the Code of Civil Procedure and the Rules of Practice of the Superior Court of Quebec in Civil Matters;
2.2 Section 192 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act governs the jurisdiction of the Registrar.When appropriate, the Registrar exercises the jurisdiction of the Special Clerk pursuant to Article 44.1 of the Code of Civil Procedure in matters instituted in the Commercial Division;
2.3

The Registrar/Special Clerk presides Room 16.10;

2.4

The judge presides Room 16.12;

2.5 Attorneys and articling students must be gowned in both rooms, except in July and August;
2.6 The calling of the roll is at 9:00 a.m. in Room 16.10 and at 9:15 a.m. in Room 16.12.
3. Proceedings and Exhibits
3.1 In addition to any other requirements of a particular statute, every proceeding filed in the Commercial Division must contain on its front page the title "Superior Court" above the words "Commercial Division", followed by a reference to the statute governing the proceeding;
3.2

Every proceeding filed at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division must contain on the first page, under the title of the proceeding, the sequential docket number of any related proceeding:

Example :

 

Contestation 

(Relating to proceeding#      )

3.3 The onus is on the parties to check the court record or the docketin order to determine the correct sequential number of the related proceeding;
3.4 The exhibits alleged in a proceeding must not be attached to it, but filed in a separate binder accompanied by a list of exhibits;
3.5 Any exhibit of more than ten pages must be paginated;
3.6 Unless a judge or a Registrar/Special Clerk orders otherwise, the Commercial Division Clerk rejects any proceeding that does not comply with Rules 3.1 to 3.5 and returns it to the parties for rectification;
3.7 No party or attorney can send any proceeding or exhibit by e-mail to a judge of the Commercial Division without prior authorization by that judge. No such e-mail may be sent after 5 p.m. on the juridical day preceding the hearing date, subject to article 78 of the Code of Civil procedure or unless previously authorized by the judge.
4. Motion to Institute Proceedings
4.1 Motions to Institute Proceedings must contain a Notice of Presentation before the Registrar/Special Clerk in Room 16.10 at 9:00 a.m. Every amended Motion must also contain a similar Notice of Presentation;
4.2 No Notice of Presentation is given in Room 16.12 without the authorization of either the Coordinating Judge of the Commercial Division, of another judge or of the Registrar/Special Clerk;
4.3

When the parties have filed an Agreement as to the Conduct of the Proceeding, the Agreement is subject to verification by the Registrar/Special Clerk;

FORM: Joint Declaration that a File is Complete

4.4 In case of disagreement with respect to the Agreement, the file is referred to the judge presiding Room 16.12;
4.5 After verifying the Agreement, the Court may summon the parties to discuss it in order to ensure proper case management (Art. 4.1 C.C.P.);
4.6 When the motion is contested orally, the grounds of contestation must be summarily indicated in the Agreement or in the minutes of the hearing held to present the Motion to Institute Proceedings.
5. Urgent Matters and Applications for Safeguard Orders or for Directions
5.1 Every Motion concerning an urgent matter, a Safeguard Order or for Directions must be filed at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division who refers it to the Registrar/Special Clerk in his office or in Room 16.10;
5.2 The Registrar/Special clerk will adjudicate the motion if it falls within his jurisdiction. Otherwise, it is referred to the judge presiding Room 16.12.
6. Incidental Motions
6.1 Every incidental motion must be filed at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division one clear juridical day before its presentation in Room 16.10;
6.2 The Registrar/Special clerk addresses the motion if it falls within his jurisdiction. Otherwise, it is referred to the judge presiding Room 16.12.
7. Incidental Motions
7.1 Every hearing of two days or less in Room 16.12 is fixed by the Registrar/Special Clerk or by the presiding judge;
7.2 Every hearing of more than two days in Room 16.12 is referred to the Coordinating Judge of the Commercial Division;
7.3 A Joint Declaration that a file is Complete must be produced in all files to be scheduled for trial on the merits in the Commercial Division, regardless of the estimated trial length. The Joint Declaration must contain the information appearing on the Joint Declaration form available on the Superior Court website;
7.4 In shareholder disputes, no hearing date is set until the respective attorneys confirm that the parties have explored the possibility of settling the matter out of Court.
8. Standard orders
 

All motions seeking orders to which apply the standard orders published on the Montreal Bar’s Website, must be consistent with such standard orders. Otherwise, the motions must indicate any discrepancies between the order sought and the standard order, by underlining additions, substitutions or suggested deletions. At present, the standard orders are:

  • Interim and Final Order pursuant to Article 192 of the Canada Business Corporations Act or its provincial counterpart pursuant to Articles 414 and following of the Business Corporations Act (Québec) ;
  • Initial Order pursuant to the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act;
  • Order to appoint a Receiver pursuant to Article 243 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.

    Coming soon:

  • Vesting order
9. Special Case Management
9.1 Every application for Special Case Management is made by motion heard in Room 16.10. After presentation, the motion is referred to the Coordinating Judge of the Commercial Division or, in his absence, to the Associate Chief Justice;
9.2 Where he deems it appropriate, the Coordinating Judge of the Commercial Division may ex officio referany matter instituted in the Commercial Division for special case management;
9.3 Applications for an arrangement under the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (R.S.C. (1985), c. C-36), or for an arrangement or reorganization under the Canada Business Corporations Act (R.S.C. (1985), c. C-44) or under the Business Corporations Act (L.Q. 2009, c. 52), are first referred to the Coordinating Judge of the Commercial Division and, thereafter, are automatically referred for special case management;
9.4 In the case of an application for an initial order under the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act, or for an interim or final order under the Canada Business Corporations Act or the Business Corporations Act, it is suggested to submit a draft order similar to the standard order available on the Superior Court Web site and on the Montreal Bar’s Web site;
9.5 If there are differences between the draft order and the standard order, a copy of the draft must also be submitted with the changes underlined;
9.6 Notwithstanding any contrary provisions in the present Directives, the judge appointed to manage the case hears all of the preliminary and incidental motions and, if necessary, presides the hearing on the merits.
10. Objections
  Parties who wish to fix a hearing on objections in Rooms 16.10 and 16.12, must first file a document, preferably made jointly, identifying and classifying the objections by subject, at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division. This document must also indicate the time required to address the objections.
11. Case Management Notices
  All Case management notices must be presented before the Registrar in Room 16.10. The Registrar adjudicates the notice if it falls within his jurisdiction. Otherwise, he refers the Case Management Notice to Room 16.12. The presiding judge then addresses the notice or refers it to the Commercial Division Coordinating Judge for adjudication.
12. Postponement
12.1 Any request to postpone a motion is heard by the judge presiding Room 16.12, after prior written notice is given to the Coordinating Judge of the Commercial Division. A postponement is granted by the judge only for serious reasons and subject to conditions deemed appropriate. No postponement is granted on the sole consent of the parties;
12.2 The office of the clerk of the Commercial Division does not grant or consider any postponement requests made by telephone or by fax when a hearing is fixed in Room 16.12;
12.3 The office of the clerk of the Commercial Division may grant a postponement made by consent, and sent by fax, for some proceedings fixed on the roll of Room 16.10, subject to the terms and conditions specified in the Notice to Members of the Bar published on the Montreal Bar’s Website.
13. Particular Directives for Bankruptcy Matters
13.1 Motions
  13.1.1 Every application is made by motion, as provided in Section 11 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Rules;
  13.1.2 Every motion must include, below its title, a precise reference to the relevant section of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency General Rules;
  13.1.3 The following documents must be filed at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division at least one clear juridical day before the date of presentation: the original motion, the affidavits in support thereof and the proof of service;
  13.1.4 The notice of presentation of the motion indicates that the motion will be presented before the Registrar in Room 16.10;
  13.1.5 If the motion falls within the jurisdiction of the Registrar, the latter either hears the parties on the motion or, where required, determines a schedule to complete the file for hearing and continues the motion pro forma to a future hearing date.
13.2 Appeals from Orders or Decisions of the Registrar
  13.2.1 No motion in appeal of an order or a decision of the Registrar is fixed on the roll of Room 16.12 until the transcript of the hearing before the Registrar, including the reasons for his order or decision, has been filed at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division;
  13.2.2 Before an appeal from an order or decision of the Registrar is placed on the roll of Room 16.12, the judge or Registrar may require that each party file a brief, not exceeding 10 pages, at the office of the clerk of the Commercial Division, within a prescribed delay. This brief shall set out:
   
  1. a summary of the order or of the decision in appeal;
  2. the issues to be decided;
  3. the reasons why the appeal should (or should not) be granted;
  4. a list of relevant authorities.

 

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Montreal division.
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Quebec Judicial Districts. Montreal Judicial Districts.
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