Superior Court Jurisdiction
The Superior Court, as the court of original jurisdiction
in Québec, hears in first instance, and sometimes on appeal,
all cases not expressly assigned to the jurisdiction of another
Court or administrative body. In practical terms, this means that
the Court is seized of civil and commercial cases where the sum
at issue is $70,000 or more, as well as administrative and family
matters, bankruptcies, jury trials in criminal cases and summary
Furthermore, the Superior Court has, except in
cases specifically provided for by law, superintending and reforming
power over all tribunals and administrative bodies in Québec,
excluding the Court of Appeal.
By law, the Superior Court of Québec currently
comprises 145 regular judgeships divided between the divisions
of Montréal and Québec. In addition there are supernumerary
judges whose number may vary from time to time.
The Montréal Division is served by 102
regular judges, 89 of which are assigned to the district of Montréal
and its surroundings, one (1) for the district of Longueuil, seven
(7) for the districts of St-François, Bedford and Mégantic,
and five (5) for the districts of Gatineau, Pontiac and Labelle.
The Québec Division is itself composed
of 43 postings for regular judges, 30 of which for the district
of Québec, three (3) for the district of Trois-Rivières,
three (3) for the districts of Abitibi, Rouyn-Noranda and Témiscamingue,
one (1) for the district of Alma, three (3) for the district of
Chicoutimi, one (1) for the district of Rimouski, one (1) for
the district of St-Maurice and one (1) for the districts of Baie
Comeau and Mingan.